Thursday, October 21, 2010

Short Fiqh of ZAKAT

ZAKAT a language means to grow (numuww), blessing and grow (ziyadah), purify or cleanse (thaharah). While Shari'ah terminology, charity is an activity that is required by Allah to give some wealth in the number and specific calculations to be given to those who deserve it. Zakat is the third pillar of the pillars of Islam.

Zakat became one of the principal elements for the establishment of Islam. Therefore the law of zakat is obligatory (Fardhu) on every Muslim who has fulfilled certain conditions.
Zakat including one category of worship (such as fasting, prayer and O) and has been regulated in detail by Al-Quran and Hadith, as well as a social and humanitarian activities. Surat At-Tauba 103: "Take alms from their wealth, with a charity that you cleanse and purify them."

DIFFERENCES between shodaqoh and infak
Zakat: the specific obligations of wealth, has a specific requirement, a specific allocation and time.
Infaq: remove property that includes non-zakat and charity, there are mandatory and some are voluntary.
Shodaqoh: a broader meaning, covering infaq, charity, or non-material good of another.

Zakat calculation of income / profession its nisob, nisob qiyased with gold or gold and plants or plants. If qiyased with gold, its nisob equivalent to 85g of gold prices, levels of 2.5% zakat and issued each year. If qiyased plants, its nisob 5 wasak or 653kg of rice, zakat rate of 5% and issued each month or each can result. and if qiyased plants and gold, its nisob equivalent to the plant, issued each month or each can and zakat rate of 2.5%.